Saturday, 3 April 2010

Hot, Sweet, Sour, Tangy Lemon Pickle!

Lemons in India are different - they're lemony (well, duh!) but rounder with much thinner skins than the ones we see most commonly in the UK.

Indians in the UK sometimes choose to use limes in place of Indian lemons when cooking, although my mum recommends against this as lime skins are much tougher than lemon skins. She wonders whether the ubiquitous lime pickle served in Indian restaurants here in the UK is actually made from lemons bought in Indian grocery shops that import them from India or whether it is actually made from limes.

In any case, I found some small, spherical lemons in a local market that seemed to be somewhat closer to the thinner-skinned Indian variety and that's what I used to make my pickle. If you use regular lemons, just give your pickle longer to mature in order for the skin and pith to soften up properly.

Mamta's Kitchen Hot Sweet Sour Tangy Lemon Pickle
250 grams lemons
2 -3 teaspoons salt
200 grams jaggary or dark brown or muscovado sugar
1 teaspoon brown cardamom seeds, coarsely ground
1-2 teaspoons chilli powder
1-2 teaspoons coriander powder
1 teaspoon fennel seeds, coarsely ground or whole, as preferred
1 teaspoon nigella sativa seeds (kalonji)
1 teaspoon coarsely ground black pepper
2-3 tablespoons malt vinegar

Note: The amounts for sugar, salt, chilli and vinegar are a guideline so it's best to have extra available should you wish to adjust to taste. Likewise, the amounts for the flavouring spices are also approximate and can be adjusted as you prefer.

Note: I scaled the recipe up for 1.5 kilos of lemons.

  • Scrub the lemons clean in hot water. (Waxed lemons will probably need more scrubbing).

  • Cut into small pieces.

  • Steam in a microwave on full for 5 minutes.

  • Spread out on a plate or tray and leave in the sun to dry for a day. (As the weather didn't co-operate, I popped mine into the oven, set as low as it would go, for about an hour).

  • If using block jaggary, crush and grate to break down.

  • Peel the cardamom pods and crush or grind the seeds. Grind the fennel and black pepper.

  • Place salt, jaggary or sugar, ground cardamom seeds, chilli powder, coriander powder, fennel seeds, nigella sativa seeds and ground black pepper into a large bowl.

  • Add enough vinegar to form a loose paste and combine all ingredients well.

  • Add lemons and mix gently to distribute the paste evenly over the lemons.

  • Fill sterilized jars. Leave on a window sill or in hot sun.

  • Transfer to sterilised, airtight jars.

  • Wait at least 2 weeks for the pickle to mature, longer if using thicker-skinned lemons. But note that this pickle really benefits from aging. My mum cherishes a jar of 10+ year old lemon pickle which she reckons just gets better and better with time.


Mani Pillai said...

Aren't the lemons we get here waxed hence they are thicker than the ones we get in Asia? I know that Waitrose sells unwaxed ones and that they are far more nutritious than the waxed ones. The latter I found out from a financier who was into food!!

Gloria said...

It is fairly recently that I have become aware of varieties of lemons and it doesn't seem that we have a lot of choice here in the UK. Or have we? Perhaps I just haven't been looking hard enough. Shall now be on the lookout to record what is available and how different lemons can be. The pickle looks fab. Is your Mum not getting near the bottom of the 10 year + jar yet. Must be a jar like the tardis.

Kavey said...

Hi Mani!

Much citrus is sold waxed but that contributes an extremely extremely thin layer and can easily be scrubbed off with a little elbow grease!

It's the actual types of lemons that govern how thick the skin is, how much pith there is etc!

I don't think she has that one very often! ;)

Mamta said...

Hello Gloria
The 10 year old pickle was probably 15 years old! It is gone now, but I have jars of different ages, because I make one lemon pickle or the other all the time, whenever I have lemons left over! They come in very handy to add to vegetable bhajies (what you would call a curry without gravy) and all sorts of other Indian dishes, in place of mango powder or Amchoor. They are preserved lemons in their simplest form.

Foodycat said...

These look delicious! I can't imagine being able to resist eating them for 10 years! AND it'll give me a reason for using the nigella seeds I bought (and then couldn't remember why).

The London Foodie said...

I was lucky enough to be given a small jar of this delicious pickle, and now I've got the recipe, fantastic! I love making preserves and also make my own pesto which I freeze, you can never beat homemade pickles.

Luiz @ The London Foodie

shayma said...

mmmmm nimbu achar. i must buy a bottle of your mum's achar when i am in London next. esp the sliced chili one. adore achar- your mum is an expert. x shayma

Clair Whitefield said...

I may make this- I am a total pickle fiend. C

Kavey said...

Shayma, you must surely have lots of wonderful recipes of your own? x

Clair, do, it's so straightforward!

Anonymous said...

I want to prepare this pickle but there is no sun. without sun how can i make this pickle

Kavey said...

I guess you can try it in the winter sun, there is still some, after all. But I would leave it a fair while longer to mature, rather than just few weeks.